Do you know what HIV is? HIV which means Human immunodeficiency virus which is nothing but a dangerous virus that affects the immune system of our body. Immune System being an eminent system protecting our body from various bacteria’s and diseases should never be affected. The HIV virus kills the T cells of the nervous system making our body prone to diseases and cancers.
Dr. Gail Barouh PHD LIAAC is a well-known professional who is associated with the HIV AIDS care. Apart from serving the various boards, agencies, and councils, she is also a well-known face of the US AIDS advisory councils providing tips on HIV AIDS. Some of the tips provided for preventing HIV are listed below:
Though many scientists are striving to develop a vaccine for HIV, currently there is no vaccine available for the prevention of transmission of HIV. But there are certain that might be considered to lower the risk. Some safety precautions include:
1. SAFER SEX:
The anal or oral sex is the most common method through which HIV can be transmitted. The only way to stop it is to put an end to the sexual practices. But if you don’t avoid sex, the risk can be lowered by considering certain precautions. A person concerned about HIV should always:
- Be tested for HIV: it is better to know you’re and your partner’s status before having sex.
- If positive to get tested for other sexually transmitted infections: it is better to be treated because the increase in STI can increase the risk of contracting HIV.
- Usage of condoms: one should know how to use a condom. He should even use it at the time of sex as pre-seminal fluid might contain HIV.
- Limit the sexual partners: one should generally have one sexual partner, the more the number the risk becomes higher.
- Take medications if diagnosed with HIV: this aids in lowering the risk of transmission to sexual partners.
2. OTHER PREVENTIVE METHODS:
- HIV can be easily transmitted through blood; it is advised to avoid sharing needles and other drugs.
- If a person is exposed to HIV, he should consider PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) as this could help reduce the risk of contracting HIV.