It is shocking to note that pollution has a detrimental effect on drinking water. Pollution in every form is dangerous to health. Hence, once identified, it needs to be dealt with very seriously and we need to take up appropriate measures to eradicate pollution.
As water is our lifeline, we need to be aware of the sources of water pollution. It is important to install a water purifier at home or commercial RO system at business establishments so that we can get to drink pure water for a better life. If we follow a healthy lifestyle, we will be able to ward off the waterborne diseases. The basic sources of pollution, which affects drinking water, are industrial effluents, domestic wastes, pesticides & insecticides, detergents & fertilizers, thermal water pollution, stormwater runoff and waste from septic tanks.
Effect of Industrial Effluents on Drinking Water
This type of pollution occurs in various water sources like rivers and streams due to the release of untreated wastes and by-products by the chemical industries, petrochemical industries, and refineries. This is harmful to the living organisms residing in the water body as well as the humans who depend on this source of water.
Indirect Sources of Contamination
Water often gets contaminated through indirect sources as well. In such cases, pollutants enter the water molecules through soil, groundwater or atmosphere by acid rain. Due to this, the percentage of arsenic in water considerably increases and pollutes the groundwater source, which is utilized for drinking.
Thermal Water Pollution
Thermal water pollution not only alters the color and temperature of the water but also degrades the water quality. When the temperature of the water changes abruptly due to the maintenance of the power plant, the waterbody gets affected negatively.
Effect of Pesticides and Insecticides on Drinking Water
Most often, farmlands drain the agricultural runoffs through land drains. Hence, pesticide and insecticide residues can contaminate the source of water supply in a largely populated area.
Effect of Fertilizers on Drinking Water
With the gradual increase of population globally, the demand for the basic crops and vegetables is very high. Hence, the farmers need to produce more from the same area of land. They have no option other than using fertilizers. The excess amount of nitrogen, which is absorbed by the plants, leaks through the soil to the groundwater, thus causing water pollution.
Stormwater Runoff Waste from Septic Tanks
Stormwater runoff happens due to excessive rainfall. It collects and carries the wastes from the land and enters the direct water sources like rivers and lakes resulting in the pollution of water. Waste from septic tanks also mix with the open water sources and pollute the water quality. Water treatment plants are installed to treat such water.
Water pollution has a great impact on the environment as well as humans. Since water pollution is a challenge to the general human health, every person needs to be concerned about it and do whatever is possible to reduce this pollution. To ensure that you drink pure water that is free of all kinds of contaminants from the above sources of water pollution, ensure that you get a water purifier installed at home and a commercial RO system installed at your office.