Many of us who suffer from skin rashes or acne are already familiar with post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It is just that we are not familiar with the medical term that makes this condition seem unfamiliar to us.
What is this post inflammatory hyperpigmentation?
Now, before we move on to the post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment part, let us first see what this skin condition is and how it is caused.
Basically, in post inflammatory hyperpigmentation or PIH, some sort of discolouration of the skin is seen to occur, that is left behind by an inflammation. The discolouration is usually of a tan, brown or blackish shade.
When there is an inflammation of the skin, caused by either pimples or some kind of insect bite or allergic reaction, the skin reacts to it which brings about excess pigmentation in that area.
The inflammation of our skin in response to this allergic reaction or acne is the skin’s own way of defending itself. Now, when inflammation occurs, the immune system of our body automatically increases the flow of blood to that area of the skin, which thereby increases the supply of the White Blood Cells. These White Blood Cells or WBCs are like the police force of our body and brings along with them melanocytes that area too.
Melanocytes are the pigmentation cells of our body, which are the manufacturers of the pigment called melanin that imparts colour to our skin. The increased supply of melanin to the inflamed area of our skin, therefore, triggers the synthesis of more melanin in that area. This, in turn, causes the skin to become darker in that zone. This is the reason why an inflammation of your skin is inevitably followed by darkening due to increased supply of melanin pigments.
What causes post inflammatory hyperpigmentation?
There are many reasons which contribute to the occurrence of PIH. Listed below are some of the major conditions that result in this skin condition:
- Allergic reactions
- Skin rosacea
How can you prevent PIH?
You must include loads of anti-inflammatory ingredients in your daily skincare routine if you wish to control inflammation and the resulting darkening of the skin. Ingredients like Calendula, Allantoin, Linoleic Acid, Green tea extracts, and Oats, are known to be highly effective.
How do you treat PIH?
Now if you happen to be already affected by PIH, the following post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment methods are going to be extremely effective:
Creams and ointments which contain Vitamin C and retinoid are safe and very effective in treating PIH. Since these are mild formulae, you might need to continue their use for a long-term for the best results.
In this method, micro-crystals are used to exfoliate the uppermost layer of the skin which removes the dead cells and helps lighten the skin. This is a gentle method of treating PIH and is quite popular too.
Though not as effective as the others, undergoing regular facial massage using appropriate ingredients is also seen to improve darkening of the skin due to PIH.
PIH might seem to be a stubborn skin condition and annoying too, but with proper corrective measures and a little bit of patience, it can be effectively treated too.